I have already reiterated that in my previous posts, but will do once more. Poland is small but incredibly diverse.And so is Polish food.
Polish cuisine ( in Polish ‘cuisine’ stands for ‘kuchnia’) is divided into 10 culinary regions.Each of them has created peculiar and signature cooking style with the use of specific,regional ingredients.
Development of regional,Polish cuisines was influenced by various factors. The most significant ones were: access to forest and farm products, owning livestock or poultry farm and close proximity to rivers, lakes and sea.
Today each region prides itself in unique and mouthwatering dishes,whose taste is worth traveling hundreds of kilometres! Check out the list of notoriously delicious, Polish dishes from all over the country!
1) KUCHNIA MAŁOPOLSKA / GALICYJSKA
Kurczak po krakowsku – Kraków chicken
I start with this one for a simply biased reason – my hometown, Krakow, is the heart of this region and I grew up eating the local dishes.
I have alread mentioned one specialty from Kraków – obwarzanek – in this post http://pierogiladies.com/5-foods-besides-pierogi-that-you-must-try-in-poland/ , but we have much more to offer!
Another dish that my region prides in is ‘Kurczak po krakowku ‘ that translates into ‘Kraków Chicken’.
It is generously seasoned chicken stuffed and baked with buckwheat oats!
2) KUCHNIA MAZOWIECKA I KURPIOWSKA
Buraczki do pieczeni – beets for roast
This cuisine is native to Joanna as she comes from Warszawa, which is one of the main cities in this region. One of the food symbols of this part of Poland is something that my dear Jo specializes in, that is beetroot puree also called ‘buraczki do pieczeni’ (‘beets for roast’).
There are numerous recipes for this one, but the main ingredients are obviously beets and onion (but Joanna also adds an apple and I love it this way!) You need to boil and then you may also bake the beets and finally grate them.After mixing with chopped onion and garlic, ‘marinate’ them in vinegar mixed with bay leaf ,sugar, allspice and cloves.After several hours you will get delicous cold puree.
However, we just love the warm beets, stir fried with various spices.
3) KUCHNIA GÓRALSKA
Kapuśniak – white cabbage soup
This one is also close to my heart as I spent a huge part of my childhood in Polish mountains.
I have also mentioned one of the symbols of Polish mountains before – oscypek (smoked sheep cheese) and you can read more details in this post http://pierogiladies.com/5-foods-besides-pierogi-that-you-must-try-in-poland/
Another dish worth trying when in Polish mountains is ‘kapuśniak ‘. It’s a soup made of white cabbage, cooked with ribs, sauerkraut and a few other vegetables ( celery, carrot,onion and parsley). As most Polish soups, served with potatoes. Full of vitamin C and extremely filling. Just what you need after hours of skiing and snowboarding!
4) KUCHNIA MAZURSKA I WARMIŃSKA
Gulasz po mazursku – Mazury style goulash
This is one of my top favorite meat dishes – goulash. The lakeside part of Poland specializes in this scrumptious, healthy and filling stew,made mainly with beef, pickled cucumbers,potatoes,onions and white cabbage. Seasoned with salt, pepper, bay leaf and allspice (and now you probably already noticed favorite Polish condiments!)
5) KUCHNIA PODLASKA
Pierogi pieczone po podlasku – Pierogi baked in Podlasie style
Although pierogi are widespread all over our small country, this type is specific to this region.
Unlike the ones you already know, these are made with yeast and sour cream,stuffed with meat and finally – baked.
6) KUCHNIA ŚLĄSKA
Pyzy śląskie – Silesian noodles
Pyzy śląskie aka kluski śląskie (Silesian noodles) are one of the main dishes that accompanies family gatherings all over Poland. They are also the origin of the word ‘pyza’ to describe a little, chubby girl!
They are quick and easy to make.All you need are 4 ingredients : potatoes, potato flour, salt and 1 egg!
7) KUCHNIA KRESOWA
Ołatki ziemniaczano – marchwiowe – Potato – carrot pancakes
In fact, one of the most signature dishes of the area are the most popular, so far, pierogi that we serve – the classic ‘pierogi ruskie’.
However, there is more! Another food pride of the region are ‘ołatki’ – potato – carrot pancakes. This is just another simple dish, that besides the two main ingredients, includes sour cream,flour, butter and egg.Seasoned with salt and pepper.Polish classic.
8) KUCHNIA WIELKOPOLSKA
Kaczka po poznańsku – Poznań duck
Just like Peking has its famous duck, one Polish city – Poznań – also boasts to be pro at preparing this ubiquitous bird. Therefore its called Poznań duck.The main ingredients comprise red cabbage, lard,fatback, onion, red wine,marjoram and dried grapes.
9) KUCHNIA KASZUBSKA I POMORSKA
Śledzie w jabłkach – herrings in apples
Undoubtedly the symbol of that region is fish. Plus, herring is specifically Polish fish, that according to our local saying – goes best with vodka!
If you are in the area, try the herring in apples,prepared with onions, sour cream,lemon juice and parsley.
10) KUCHNIA KUJAWSKA
The soup I have been recently craving a lot and a dish you will see in many ‘traditional’ restaurants all over Poland.The main ingredients are potatoes, onions, white sausage, eggs and smoked fatback. However, the main point is to serve it in a round loaf of bread. Simple but fancy at the same time.
Now – a question to you, Dear readers! Which one(s) would you like us to prepare here in Shanghai?!
We are looking forward to your feedback!